25th Anniversary of the Central European Initiative
The Central European Initiative celebrated its 25th Anniversary in 2014 and in order to mark this milestone in the history of the Organisation, it dedicated this chapter to how the CEI has developed over the years:
On 11 November 1989 - immediately after the fall of the Berlin wall - four countries (Italy, Austria, Hungary and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) felt compelled to take action and adopt a Joint Declaration stating their readiness “to strengthen good-neighbourly relations and develop a mani-fold cooperation between their respective countries”. To this end, they launched what is known today as the Central European Initiative.
Since its inception, the CEI has taken root, grown and finally blossomed into the largest and oldest regional intergovernmental forum, committed to supporting European integration through cooperation among its Member States and the European Union (EU).
- 1989: Established by Italy, Austria, Hungary, SFR Yugoslavia (Quadrangolare).
- 1990: Joined by Czechoslovakia (Pentagonale).
- 1991: Joined by Poland (Hexagonale).
- 1992: Slovenia, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as new Member States; Italian Trust Fund at the EBRD established; renamed Central European Initiative.
- 1993: Accession of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Macedonia; Secretariat for CEI Projects at the EBRD in London became operational.
- 1994: CEI Instrument for the Protection of Minority Rights adopted.
- 1995: CEI Guidelines and Rules of Procedure adopted; decision to establish Centre for Information and Documentation (CEI CID).
- 1996: Albania, Belarus, Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania and Ukraine admitted as full members; Centre for Information and Documentation (CEI CID) inaugurated.
- 1997: First CEI Plan of Action 1989-1990 adopted; CEI CID renamed CEI-Executive Secretariat (CEI-ES).
- 1998: CEI Solidarity Fund established; First CEI Summit Economic Forum held; MoU with UNECE.
- 2000: FR Yugoslavia joined as 17th Member State (later renamed State Union of Serbia and Montenegro).
- 2001: CEI Cooperation Fund established.
- 2004: Slovenia, Poland, Czech R., Slovakia and Hungary join the EU; CEI University and Science and Technology Networks became operational; KEP established.
- 2006: Montenegro becomes the 18th Member State.
- 2007: Bulgaria and Romania in EU (9 EU CEI MS and 9 non-EU CEI MS); Decisions on the Repositioning adopted; CEI Award for Outstanding Merits in Journalism (established by CNC decision).
- 2008: Implementation of the Repositioning started.
- 2009: Enhanced cooperation with regional organisations i.e. RCC, BSEC, AII and CBSS as well as with international organisations, i.e. the OECD, the Council of Europe, the UNECE and UNESCO; CEI-ES assumes role as lead partner in 3 EU projects.
- 2010: Participates in elaboration of Danube Strategy and enhanced partnership with EC; establishment of International Group of Experts (IGE) on Strengthening of the CEI: Budva Reccomendations adopted by MFAs.
- 2011: Obtains observer status in UN General Assembly, unanimously granted by Resolution 66/111; strengthens cooperation with Parliamentary Dimension; starts talks on re-launching Business Dimension; signs MoU with BSEC; strengthens role in field of S&T; 1st Ministerial Meeting S&T (Trieste).
- 2012: Participates in the Sixty-Seventh Session of the UN General Assembly where resolution 67/7 on the Cooperation between the United Nations and the Central European Initiative was adopted; signs MoU with Vienna Economic Forum.
- 2013: Revitalised Business Dimension; Croatia joins EU as 28th Member State.
- 2014: signs MoU with RCC; 25th Anniversary since its inception on 11 November 1989.